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At the American Academy of Physician Assistants Convention in Los Angeles in May 1988 a group of postgraduate PA programs met to formalize a national postgraduate PA program organization. Bylaws were written and approved by the eight founding programs and the Association of Postgraduate Physician Assistant Programs (APPAP) was formed to further specialty education for PAs.

Since that meeting, APPAP has gained the support of the American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) and the Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA). APPAP members work with AAPA and PAEA on mutual goals designed to expand the PA profession.


APPAP’s bylaws broadly define the educational, professional, and informational purposes of APPAP:

  • To assist in the development and organization of postgraduate educational curricula and programs for PAs.
  • To assist in defining the role of the physician assistant-especially in the specialties.
  • To assist in the development of evaluation methodologies for postgraduate educational curricula and programs.
  • To serve as an information center for PAs, programs training PAs at the entry level, other medical and health care disciplines and to the public with respect to postgraduate educational curricula and programs for PAs.

APPAP’s business meetings are open to all PA students, educators, administrators, and health professionals interested in postgraduate PA education.


All member programs of APPAP are formal postgraduate PA programs that offer structured curricula, including didactic and clinical components, to educate NCCPA eligible/certified PAs for a defined period of time (usually 12 months) in a medical specialty.

APPAP member programs follow several models including fellowships, Masters Degree programs, and residency programs. All APPAP member programs must award a certificate or degree or provide graduate academic credit.

Employment opportunities and roles for PAs are rapidly expanding to include a high proportion of specialty areas. The PAEA Annual Report reports the following distribution of PAs by specialty as: Family/General Medicine (36%); General Surgery & Surgical Subspecialties (20%); Internal Medicine & IM Subspecialties (17%); Emergency Medicine (10%); Pediatrics (4%); Ob/Gyn (3%); and Other (10%). The PAEA Annual Report also reports the distribution of PAs’ by work setting as follows: Hospital (37%); Group Practice (27%); Ambulatory Care (11%); Solo MD Practice (10%); Other Settings (10%); and HMO/Managed Care (4%).



Because of this diversity and specialization, formal postgraduate training is assuming a greater importance as an adjunct to PA primary care education. Postgraduate curriculums are designed to build upon the knowledge and experience acquired in PA school enabling the PA to competently assume a role as physician assistant on a specialty health care team. Many postgraduate programs have pioneered the role of the PA in these specialty areas and offer experienced role models as well as formalized instruction.

Information about postgraduate PA educational opportunities is made available to students and graduate PAs interested in the medical specialties in this directory. Applications and further information may be obtained by contacting individual postgraduate programs. Students and graduate PAs may also talk with postgraduate program directors at the AAPA Annual Conference.



  • Los Angeles County + University of Southern California (LAC+USC) Emergency Medicine Physician Assistant Residency
  • Los Angeles County + University of Southern California (LAC+USC) Physician Assistant Neonatology Residency Program
  • Montefiore Postgraduate Residency in Surgery and Masters in Health Sciences
  • Montefiore Residency in Gynecology for Physician Assistants and Optional Masters in Health Sciences
  • Norwalk Hospital/Yale University Pediatric Physician Assistant Postgraduate Training Program
  • Norwalk Hospital/Yale University School of Medicine PA Surgical Residency Program
  • Sinai Hospital Postgraduate Physician Assistant Surgical Residency
  • University of Southern California Physician Assistant Fellowship in Geriatric Medicine
1988-1989 Linda Brandt John Rafalko
1989-1990 Linda Brandt John Rafalko
1990-1991 Roger Elliot John Rafalko
1991-1992 Clara Vanderbilt John Rafalko
1992-1993 Arnold Zigman Ken Harbert
1993-1994 George Halterman Steve Ireland
1994-1995 Laye Akinloye Steve Ireland
1995-1996 Dick Mercer Steve Ireland
1996-1997 Imani Williams Dick Mercer
1997-1998 Steven Romanella Dick Mercer
1998-1999 Steven Salyer Dick Mercer
1999-2000 Patrick Knott Dick Mercer
2000-2001 Robert Brugna Dick Mercer
2001-2002 Debbie Winberry Dick Mercer
2002-2003 Brian Hennig Dick Mercer
2003-2004 Maura Polansky Brian Henning
2004-2005 Paul Hendrix Brian Henning
2005-2006 Kristen Norris Ginny Hilton
2006-2007 Maura Polansky Bill Childers
2007-2008 LaWaun Hance Alicia Brown
2008-2009 Lisa Rotellini-Coltvet Jonathan Lerner
2009-2010 Eric Reynolds Jonathan Lerner
2010-2011 Gloria Garver Mary Pugh
2011-2012 Jennie McKown Mary Pugh
2012-2013 Laurie Wilson Mary Pugh
2013-2014 Ginny Hilton Mary Pugh
2014-2015 Kristen Will Amy Haller
2015-2016 Kristen Will Amy Haller
2016 Cragin Greene Amy Haller
2017 Cragin Greene Amy Haller
2018 Amber Brooks-Gumbert Amy Haller
2019 Vasco Deon Kidd Amy Haller
2020 Dorothy Bratton Bob Sobule
2021 Dennis Tankersley Bob Sobule
2022 Melissa Ricker Bob Sobule
2023 Dennis Tankersley Bob Sobule
2024 Melissa Ricker Bob Sobule